In both developed and developing countries, ensuring food safety throughout the food supply chain is quite a challenge. With the advent of the globalized economy, more and more countries are part of a global food supply chain. This makes it imperative for global food regulation organizations such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), part of the UN, to formulate proper checks and regulations on food.
Food Safety Risk Management takes the top spot in terms of the steps that need to be taken to ensure food safety. Over the past few years, experts from various groups have been working together to evolve a Food Safety Risk Management plan that can be applied globally. All aspects of risk associated with the food supply chain - namely risk assessment, risk management and risk communication ���have been brought together and developed to form a process called risk analysis.
What makes this approach different from those of the past is that it directly links data on food hazards with data on the risk these hazards pose to human health. Food Safety Risk Management, with risk analysis at its core, is thus a scientific method that incorporates the elements of the risk chain, consisting of risk assessment, risk management and risk communication and uses data from the relevant hazard sources to ensure a proper and efficient food supply chain.
The formalization of this strategy is the culmination of efforts and concrete milestones that have been arrived at because of the conscious collective efforts of organizations such as the FAO and the world health organization (WHO), whose joint international conferences have worked towards the aim of ensuring that countries of the world work together to put a Food Safety Risk Management plan.
The way of going ahead with these plans is this: The Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) should include into its Food Safety Risk Management plan the risk management principles recommendations of these bodies that were arrived at at its 1991 and 1993 conferences.
As a result, most countries of the world today follow the recommendations and action plans of the CAC in their Food Safety Risk Management programs. At the heart of these actions lie the following action points: